Advances In Plant Scienceis
Biodiversity: Introduction, estimation, distribution, significance, causes of depletion andconservation strategies; Biodiversity hot spots; Impact of climate change on biodiversity;Biodiversity and biotechnology relationship; Biopiracy and intellectual property rights;Organizations involved in biodiversity conservation; Indian Biodiversity Act (2002)
Molecular Biology: Role of engineering in stress tolerance, Kinds of molecular markers-Proteins markers , Isozyme markers and DNA markers, advantages, disadvantages &applications of molecular markers in the field of molecular biology, Relationship amongdifferent molecular markers. Cry genes- classification and properties, Bacillus thuringenesisendotoxin and their mode of action, Advantages of molecular markers in transgenic crops.
Stress Physiology: Physiological Effects and Mechanism of action of Auxins, Gibberellins,Cytokinins, Abscisicacid,Polyamines and Salicylic acid Water deficit and its physiologicalconsequences, drought tolerance mechanisms, salinity stress and plant responses, heat stressand heat shock proteins, metal toxicity, pollution stress. biotic stress , HR and SARmechanisms. biotechnological approaches for stress tolerance in plants.
Enzyme Technology: Introduction to enzymes, specificity of enzyme action, kinetic andchemical mechanisms of enzyme - catalyzed reactions, enzyme inhibition, active sitestructure, enzyme assay, application of enzymatic analysis in agriculture, environment,medicine and forensic science and industry. Stability, denaturation and renaturation ofenzymes, immobilized enzymes and their uses, Biosensors. Recent advances in enzymetechnology, future prospects for enzyme technology.